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What are NRC and CAA? | 12 Important FAQ's on NRC and CAA

NRC and CAA: Hello friends, I am Sushant and Welcome to Indian Tech In this article, I am going to clarify What are NRC and CAA and all the doubts, frequently asked questions, myths or wrong conceptions related to the NRC-National Register of Citizens and the CAA-Citizenship Amendment Act. So please be patient and read the full article, it will solve your all doubts and questions

What are NRC and CAA?

NRC: National Register of Citizens

  • The National Register of Citizens (NRC) is the sign up containing names of Indian Citizens. The simplest time that a National Register of Citizens (NRC) was organized changed into in 1951 when after the conduct of the Census of 1951, the NRC changed into prepared with the aid of recording details of all the people enumerated during that Census (जनगणना).
  • Hindi:नेशनल रजिस्टर ऑफ़ सिटिज़न्स (NRC) भारतीय नागरिकों के नामों से युक्त साइन अप है। सबसे सरल समय जब नागरिकों के राष्ट्रीय रजिस्टर (NRC) को 1951 में बदल दिया गया था, जब 1951 की जनगणना के आचरण के बाद, NRC उस जनगणना के दौरान प्रगणित सभी लोगों के रिकॉर्डिंग विवरण की सहायता से तैयार किया गया था।
It can be also defined as-
The National Register of Citizens (NRC) is the registration of all Indian citizens whose structure was amended by the Citizenship Act 1955 from 2003-2004. It has not yet been implemented except in the state of Assam.

CAA: Citizenship Amendment Act

  • The full form of the CAA is the Citizenship Amendment Act (नागरिकता संशोधन कानून). This was the CAB (Citizenship Amendment Bill) before it was passed in Parliament. Talking about the difference between CAA and CAB, after passing in Parliament and the President's approval, this bill has become an Act of Citizens Amendment Act. With the help of Citizenship Amendment Act, people of Hindu, Christian, Sikh, Parsi, Jain and Buddhism who have fled from Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh due to religious persecution will be given citizenship of India.

The important FAQ's on NRC and CAA?

As here is a detailed Explainer of the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) 2019 and frequently and most importantly asked questions with very very comprehensive answers so we begin.

1. Is it NRC is a part of CAA?

The first question that comes to your mind is it NRC is a part of a Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA)? The answer is no, CAA is a separate law and NRC is a very very separate process. The CAA has come into force nationwide after its passage from Parliament by the NRC rules and procedures for the country are yet to be decided. The NRC is the process that is going on in Assam has been implemented by the Honorable Supreme Court and has also been mandated by the Assam Accord.

2. Do Indian Muslims need to be concerned or worried about CAA?


Well let’s move on to the frequently asked question number 2, Do Indian Muslims need to worry about CAA that is Citizenship Amendment Act or NRC for that matter we also do this?
There is absolutely no need for any Indian citizen of any religion to worry about Citizenship Amendment Act or NRC as well. Moving the question is it will NRC be for people of a particular religion? The answer to this is again no. The NRC-
National Register of Citizens has nothing to do with any religion at all. NRC is for every citizen of India it is the Citizen register in which names of every Indian will be recorded.

3. Will people be excluded in NRC on religious Grounds or not?

The next question is that Will people be excluded in NRC on religious Grounds or not? The answer to this again is no. NRC is not about any religion a all. Whenever the NRC will be implemented, it will be neither applied based on religion nor can it be implemented based on religion. No one can be excluded just based on that he follows a particular religion.

4. By conducting NRC will we be also present proofs of asking Indian?

The other question is that By conducting NRC will we be also present proofs of asking Indian? Well, let’s explain it this way, first of all, it is important to know that at the national level no announcement so far has been made to begin the NRC process and if at all it is implemented. It is not mean that anyone will be asked for proof of being an Indian. Now NRC, let's understand is a mainly normal process to register your names in the citizens register like just we present our identity cards or any other document for registering on names in the voter list or getting Aadhar Card made the document shall need to be provided for NRC as and when it is required or carried out.

5. How is citizenship decided?

Also, the frequently asked question is that how is citizenship decided? and will it be in the hands of the government explain the Sansad history citizenship of any person is decided based on the citizenship rules 2009 and these rules are based on the citizenship act of 1955, now this rule is publicly in front of everyone, it is a public domain these are five ways for any person to become a citizen of India and what are those five ways:
  • Citizenship by Birth
  • Citizenship by Descent
  • Citizenship by Registration
  • Citizenship by Naturalization and
  • Citizenship by Incorporation

6. Will I Parents documents to prove Indian Citizenship?

Let's move on to the next question, the question we ask normally will I have to provide details of the birth of my parents accept to prove my Indian citizenship? The answer to this is it would be sufficient for you to provide the details of your wards such as the date of the birth month or birth year of birth and place of birth. And if you do not have the details of your birth then you will have to provide the same details about your parents but there is absolutely no compulsion to submit any document by the parents. Citizenship can be proved by submitting any documents related to the place of birth and Date of birth. However steps to be taken on search acceptable documents that this is likely to include your voter cards, Passports, Aadhar card, Licence, Insurance papers, Birth Certificate, School Leaving Certificate, Documents relating to home or Land or other similar documents issued by government officials. The list is likely to include more documents so that no Indian citizen has to suffer unnecessarily to the whole process is been simplified.

7. Do I have to prove ancestry dating back before 1971?

Now let's move on the other question the question is the do I have to prove ancestry dating back before 1971? The answer to this is no. For pre-1971 acknowledge, you do not have to submit any type of identity card or any documents like birth certificates of your parents or ancestors. It was valid only for the Assam NRC which was based on the Assam accord and the directive of the Honorable Supreme Court. And most important for the rest of the country the NRC process is completely different and under the citizenship registration of citizens and issue of national identity cards rules 2003.

8. If it is so easy to true identity then how come 19 lakh people living in Assam affected due to NRC?

The next question that comes to your mind is that, if it is so easy to true identity then how come 19 lakh people living in Assam affected due to NRC?
The answer to this can be explained in this way, infiltration remember is an old problem in Assam. Now to curb infiltration there was a movement and in 1985 the then Rajiv Gandhi government to identify the intruders, how to agree to prepare NRC assuming the cut-off date of 25th March 1971.

9. During NRC will we be asked to present old documents?

And the next question during NRC will we be asked to present old documents which are difficult to collect? The answer to this is there is nothing like that. Common or specific documents will only be required to prove identity. When the NRC or whenever the NRC is announced at the national level then rules and instructions will be made for it in such a way that no one will face any problem, any trouble. The government has no intention of harassing its citizens are putting them in trouble.  

10. What if a person is illiterate and doesn't have documents?

The other frequently asked question is that What if a person is illiterate and does not have relevant documents or specific relevant documents?
The answer, in this case, is that the authorities will allow it person to bring a witness also other evidence and community verification accepted will also be allowed. a proper procedure, in this case, will be followed but no Indian citizen will be put in on to unnecessary trouble.

11. Is that there are a large number of people in India who do not even have any basis of Identity?

Now the other question that comes to your mind is that there are a large number of people in India who do not have homes who are poor and are not educated they do not even have any basis of Identity? What happens to search people this is not entirely correct, such people were on some bases and they also get the benefits of the welfare schemes of the government so their identity will be established based on that.

12. Does NRC exclude anyone for being transgender etc?

And finally, the big question that does NRC exclude anyone for being transgender for being at least for being Adivasi or Dalit or women and landless with or without documents and this is how we explain the answer is no NRC as and when carried out does not affect I repeat it does not affect any of the mentions about.

Some Tweets from BJP Twitter Handle:

So these were very strong facts or FAQ's associated with the NRC as well as the Citizenship Amendment Act 1992 offer to your fact.
I hope this article will solve all doubts and questions related to CAA and NRC. If you have any question then feel free to ask from Comment or Disqus or Facebook.


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